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Home | Events Archive | SEMINAR CANCELLED Why are Average Hours worked Lower in Richer Countries?

SEMINAR CANCELLED Why are Average Hours worked Lower in Richer Countries?

  • Series
  • Speaker(s)
    Nicola Fuchs-Schündeln (Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany)
  • Field
    Complexity, Macroeconomics
  • Location
    University of Amsterdam - E-building, Roetersstraat 11
  • Date and time

    April 23, 2020
    16:00 - 17:15

Why are average hours worked per adult lower in rich countries than in poor countries? Two natural candidates to consider are income effects in preferences, in which leisure becomes more valuable when income rises, and distortionary tax systems, which are more prevalent in richer countries. To assess the importance of these two forces, we build a simple model of labor supply by heterogeneous individuals and calibrate it to match international data on labor income taxation, government transfers relative to GDP, and hours worked per adult. The model predicts that income effects are the main driving force behind the decline of average hours worked with GDP per capita. We reach a similar conclusion in an extended model that matches cross-country patterns of labor supply along the extensive and intensive margins and of the prevalence of subsistence self-employment. Joint with Alexander Bick, David Lagakos and Hitoshi Tsujiyama.

Click here to view full paper.