The Effect of the 2004 and 2007 EU Enlargement on Pollution Intensities in New and Old Member States
Date and time
August 21, 2020
10:00 - 11:00
What was the effect of the 2004 and 2007 EU enlargement on the emission intensities in new and old member states? In this study I analyze a multidimensional panel with data on almost all EU member states from 1995 to 2015. I estimate the direct effects of the accession as well as of a continuous integration process. I analyze the effects on carbon dioxide (CO2) and on sulphur oxides (SOx) emission intensities. I further analyze two potential channels through which further trade integration can influence emissions, the Pollution Haven Hypothesis (PHH) and the Factor Endowment Hypothesis (FEH). I find support for the PHH, but not for the FEH for both pollutants. Additionally I can establish an Environmental Kuznets Curve behavior in CO2 emission intensities, while SOx intensities decrease with income for my whole sample.