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Home | Events Archive | Maternal Stress and Offspring Lifelong Labor Market Outcomes
Seminar

Maternal Stress and Offspring Lifelong Labor Market Outcomes


  • Series
  • Speaker(s)
    Joanna Kopinska (Sapienza University of Rome, Italy)
  • Field
    Empirical Microeconomics
  • Location
    Online
  • Date and time

    December 08, 2020
    16:00 - 17:00

This paper examines the effects of in-utero exposure to stress on lifelong labor market outcomes. We exploit a unique natural experiment that involved randomly placed Nazi raids on municipalities in Italy during WWII. We use administrative data on the universe of private sector workers in Italy and link this data to unique historical data with detailed information about war casualties and Nazi raids across space (Municipality) and time. We find that prenatal stress exposure leads to lower wage earnings when workers start their career, and that this effect persists until retirement. The earnings penalty is in large part due to the type of job that people hold and interruptions in their working career due to unemployment. We further show that workers exposed to in-utero stress face larger earnings reductions after job loss due to mass layoffs. This earnings loss deepens their relative disadvantage over time.

You can also find the paper at: https://www.iza.org/publications/dp/13744/maternal-stress-and-offspring-lifelong-labor-market-outcomes

Please send an email to Nadine Ketel or Paul Muller if you are interested to participate in this seminar (series).