• Graduate program
    • Why Tinbergen Institute?
    • Program Structure
    • Courses
    • Course Registration
    • Facilities
    • Admissions
    • Recent PhD Placements
  • Research
  • News
  • Events
    • Summer School
      • Summer School
      • Behavioral Macro and Complexity
      • Climate Change
      • Econometrics and Data Science Methods for Business, Economics and Finance
    • Events Calendar
    • Tinbergen Institute Lectures
    • Annual Tinbergen Institute Conference
    • Events Archive
  • Alumni
  • Times

09-111/3 - Returns for Entrepreneurs versus Employees: The Effect of Education and Personal Control on the Relative Performance of Entrepreneurs vis-a-vis Wage Employees


  • Authors
    Mirjam van Praag, University of Amsterdam; Arjen van Witteloostuijn, University of Antwerp, and Utrecht University; Justin van der Sluis, University of Amsterdam
  • Publication date
    December 8, 2009
  • Keywords
    entrepreneurship, self-employment, returns to education, performance, personal control, locus of control, human capital, wages, incomes
  • JEL
    J23, J24, J31, J44, M13