Competition, Land Price, and City Size
SeriesSpatial Economics Seminar
Speaker(s)Sergey Kichko (National Research University Higher School of Economics, Russia)
LocationTinbergen Institute Amsterdam, Room 1.01
Date and time
November 29, 2018
12:15 - 13:15
Larger cities typically give rise to two effects working in opposite directions: tougher competition among firms and higher production costs. Using an urban model with substitutability of production factors and pro-competitive effects, we study how market outcome responds to city population size, land-use regulation and commuting costs. For industries with low input of land, larger cities host more firms setting lower prices whereas for industries with intermediate land share in production larger cities accommodate more firms charging higher prices. Furthermore, for industries with high input share of land, larger cities allocate fewer firms with higher product prices. Softer land-use regulation and/or lower commuting costs reinforce pro-competitive effects making larger cities more attractive for residents via lower product prices and broader variety for a larger number of industries.