East Side Story: Historical Pollution and Persistent Neighborhood Sorting
Speaker(s)Yanos Zylberberg (University of Bristol, United Kingdom)
Date and time
April 06, 2021
16:00 - 17:00
Why are the east sides of formerly industrial cities often the more deprived?Using individual-level census data together with newly created historical pol-lution patterns derived from the locations of 5,000 industrial chimneys and anatmospheric model, we show that this results from the persistence of neigh-borhood sorting that first emerged during the Industrial Revolution whenprevailing winds blew pollution eastwards. Past pollution explains up to 20%of the observed neighborhood segregation in 2011, even though coal pollutionstopped in the 1970s. We develop a quantitative model to identify the role ofneighborhood effects and relocation rigidities underlying this persistence. Joint with Stephan Heblich and Alex Trew.
Keywords: Neighborhood Sorting, Historical Pollution, Persistence.
JEL codes: R23, Q53, N00.