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Home | Events Archive | Climate Policies and the Carbon Content of Jobs

Climate Policies and the Carbon Content of Jobs

  • Location
    Tinbergen Institute Amsterdam, room 1.01
  • Date and time

    February 16, 2023
    12:00 - 13:00

Climate policies have heterogeneous labour market impacts across sectors and occupations. However, there are no clear indexes to measure the worker’s exposure to ambitious climate policy. We propose an occupation-based approach to measure the worker’s vulnerability to climate policies. Using rich establishment-level data for France, we construct a time-varying measure of the carbon content of jobs for more than 400 occupations over the period 2003-2018. We show that carbon intensive occupations exhibit a mild catching-up in terms of emissions per worker, are geographically concentrated and highly exposed to other structural transformations (automation and trade). We then estimate the extent to which the impact of energy prices, a proxy of climate policies, is mediated by the occupational carbon intensity using a shift-share instrument. Both wages and employment losses are significantly larger for carbon intensive occupations, also when we carefully control for the exposure to other structural shocks. Importantly, a sector-based approach to measure occupational vulnerability gives less clear and robust results on policy effects than occupation-based one. Joint paper with Giovanni Marin (University of Urbino and FEEM).