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Home | People | Richard Tol
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Richard Tol

Research Fellow

University
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Researchgroup
Spatial Economics
Interests
environmental economics

Key publications

List of publications

Hwang, In Chang and Tol, Richard S.J. and Hofkes, Marjan W.. 2019. Active Learning and Optimal Climate Policy. Environmental and Resource Economics, 0924-6460

T. Chatzivasileiadis and F. Estrada and Hofkes, M. W. and Tol, R. S.J.. 2018. Systematic Sensitivity Analysis of the Full Economic Impacts of Sea Level Rise. Computational Economics, 1--35, 0927-7099

Tol, Richard S.J.. 2018. Policy Brief - Leaving an emissions trading scheme: Implications for the United Kingdom and the European Union. Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 12, 183--189, 1750-6816

Tol, Richard S.J.. 2018. Gender at energy economics. Energy Economics, 72, 558--559, 0140-9883

Tol, Richard S.J.. 2018. The economic impacts of climate change. Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 12, 4--25, 1750-6816

Subhani Keerthiratne and Tol, Richard S.J.. 2018. Impact of natural disasters on income inequality in Sri Lanka. World Development, 105, 217--230, 0305-750X

Tol, Richard S.J.. 2017. The structure of the climate debate. Energy Policy, 104, 431--438, 0301-4215

Hwang, In Chang and Frédéric Reynès and Tol, Richard S.J.. 2017. The effect of learning on climate policy under fat-tailed risk. Resource and Energy Economics, 48, 1--18, 0928-7655

D. Anthoff and F. Estrada and R.S.J. Tol. 2016. Shutting down the thermohaline circulation. American Economic Review, 106, 602--606, 0002-8282

R.S.J. Tol and R.J. Nicholls and S. Brown and J. Hinkel and A.T. Vafeidis and T. Spencer. 2016. Comment on 'The Global Impacts of Extreme Sea-Level Rise: A Comprehensive Economic Assessment'. Environmental and Resource Economics, 64, 341--344, 0924-6460

I.C. Hwang and R.S.J. Tol and M. Hofkes. 2016. Fat-tailed risk about climate change and climate policy. Energy Policy, 89, 25--35, 0301-4215

R.S.J. Tol. 2015. Bootstraps for Meta-Analysis with an Application to the Impact of Climate Change. Computational Economics, 46, 287--303, 0927-7099

Tol, Richard S.J.. 2014. Correction and update: The economic effects of climate change. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 28, 221--226, 0895-3309

R.S.J. Tol. 2014. Quantifying the consensus on anthropogenic global warming in the literature: A re-analysis. Energy Policy, 73, 701--705, 0301-4215

Arrow, Kenneth J. and Cropper, Maureen L. and Christian Gollier and Ben Groom and Heal, Geoffrey M. and Newell, Richard G. and Nordhaus, William D. and Pindyck, Robert S. and Pizer, William A. and Portney, Paul R. and Thomas Sterner and Tol, Richard S.J. and Weitzman, Martin L.. 2014. Should governments use a declining discount rate in project analysis?. Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 8, 145--163, 1750-6816

Tol, Richard S.J.. 2014. Quantifying the consensus on anthropogenic global warming in the literature: Rejoinder. Energy Policy, 73, 709, 0301-4215

T.K.J. McDermott and F. Barry and R.S.J. Tol. 2014. Disasters and development: natural disasters, credit constraints, and economic growth. Oxford Economic Papers, 66, 750--773, 0030-7653

Lynch, Muireann Á and Aonghus Shortt and Tol, Richard S.J. and O'Malley, Mark J.. 2013. Risk-return incentives in liberalised electricity markets. Energy Economics, 40, 598--608, 0140-9883

Tol, Richard S.J.. 2013. Climate policy with Bentham-Rawls preferences. Economics Letters, 118, 424--428, 0165-1765

I.C. Hwang and F. Reynes and R.S.J. Tol. 2013. Climate Policy Under Fat-Tailed Risk: An Application of Dice. Environmental and Resource Economics, 56, 415--436, 0924-6460

N. Callaghan and R.S.J. Tol. 2013. UK Tourists, the Great Recession and Irish Tourism Policy. Economic and Social Review, 44, 103--116, 0012-9984

Tol, Richard S.J.. 2013. Targets for global climate policy: An overview. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 37, 911--928, 0165-1889

Alvaro Calzadilla and Tingju Zhu and Katrin Rehdanz and Tol, Richard S J and Claudia Ringler. 2013. Economywide impacts of climate change on agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa. Ecological Economics, 93, 150--165, 0921-8009

Marie Hyland and Eimear Leahy and Tol, Richard S J. 2013. The potential for segmentation of the retail market for electricity in Ireland. Energy Policy, 61, 349--359, 0301-4215

E. Leahy and C. Devitt and S. Lyons and R.S.J. Tol. 2012. The cost of natural gas shortages in Ireland. Energy Policy, 46, 153--169, 0301-4215

M. Lynch and M. O'Malley and R.S.J. Tol. 2012. Optimal interconnection and renewable targets for Northwest Europe. Energy Policy, 51, 605--612, 0301-4215

K. Mayor and S. Lyons and D. Duffy and R.S.J. Tol. 2012. A hedonic analysis of the value of rail transport in the Greater Dublin Area. Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, 46, 239--261, 0022-5258

R.S.J. Tol. 2012. A cost-benefit analysis of the EU 20/20/2020 Package. Energy Policy, 49, 288--295, 0301-4215

R.S.J. Tol. 2012. On the uncertainty about the total economic impact of climate change. Environmental and Resource Economics, 53, 97--116, 0924-6460

H. Hennessy and R.S.J. Tol. 2011. The Impact of Climate Policy on Private Car Ownership in Ireland. Economic and Social Review, 42, 135--158, 0012-9984

E. Leahy and S. Lyons and R.S.J. Tol. 2011. Determinants of Vegetarianism and Partial Vegetarianism in Ireland. Economic and Social Review, 42, 407--436, 0012-9984

E. Leahy and R.S.J. Tol. 2011. An estimate of the value of lost load for Ireland. Energy Policy, 39, 1514--1520, 0301-4215

H. Hennessy and R.S.J. Tol. 2011. The Impact of Tax Reform on New Car Purchases in Ireland. Energy Policy, 39, 7059--7067, 0301-4215

N. Commins and S. Lyons and M. Schiffbauer and R.S.J. Tol. 2011. Climate Policy and Corporate Behaviour. Energy Journal, 32, 51--68, 0195-6574

R.S.J. Tol. 2011. The Social Cost of Carbon. Annual Review of Resource Economics, 3, 419--443, 1941-1340

E. Leahy and S. Lyons and R.S.J. Tol. 2011. The Distributional Effects of Value Added Tax in Ireland. Economic and Social Review, 42, 213--234, 0012-9984

A. Calzadilla and K. Rehdanz and R.S.J. Tol. 2011. Water scarcity and the impact of improved irrigation management: A computable general equilibrium analysis. Agricultural Economics, 42, 305--323, 0169-5150

M. Bazilian and H. Rogner and M. Howells and S. Hermann and D. Arent and D. Gielen and P. Steduto and A. Mueller and P. Komor and R.S.J. Tol and K.K. Yumkella. 2011. Considering the Energy, Water, and Food Nexus: Towards an Integrated Modelling Approach. Energy Policy, 39, 7896--7906, 0301-4215

Gorecki, P. K. and S. Lyons and R.S.J. Tol. 2010. EU climate change policy 2013-2020: Using the clean development mechanism more effectively in the non-EU-ETS sector. Energy Policy, 38, 7466--7475, 0301-4215

D. Anthoff and R.S.J. Tol. 2010. On international equity weights and national decision making on climate change. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 60, 14--20, 0095-0696

D. Osmani and R.S.J. Tol. 2010. The case of two self-enforcing international agreements for environmental protection with asymmetric countries. Computational Economics, 36, 93--119, 0927-7099

R.S.J. Tol. 2009. The economic effects of climate change. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 23, 29--51, 0895-3309

M. Zandersen and R.S.J. Tol. 2009. A meta-analysis of forest recreation values in Europe. Journal of Forest Economics, 15, 109--130, 1104-6899

O.J. Kuik and L.M. Brander and R.S.J. Tol. 2009. Marginal abatement costs of greenhouse gas emissions: A meta-analysis. Energy Policy, 37, 1395--1403, 0301-4215

R.S.J. Tol. 2009. Intra- and extra-union flexibility in meeting the European union's emission reduction targets. Energy Policy, 37, 4329--4336, 0301-4215

D. Anthoff and R.S.J. Tol. 2009. The impact of climate change on the balanced growth equivalent: An application of FUND. Environmental and Resource Economics, 43, 351--367, 0924-6460

R.S.J. Tol and G.W. Yohe. 2009. The stern review: A deconstruction. Energy Policy, 37, 1032--1040, 0301-4215

R.S.J. Tol. 2009. Intra-union flexibility of non-ETS emission reduction obligations in the European Union. Energy Policy, 37, 1745--1752, 0301-4215

D. Osmani and R.S.J. Tol. 2009. Toward farsightedly stable international environmental agreements. Journal of Public Economic Theory, 11, 455--492, 1097-3923

R.S.J. Tol and S.W. Pacala and R.H. Socolow. 2009. Understanding long-term energy use and carbon dioxide emissions in the USA. Journal of Policy Modeling, 31, 425--445, 0161-8938

D. Anthoff and C. Hepburn and R.S.J. Tol. 2009. Equity weighting and the marginal damage costs of climate change. Ecological Economics, 68, 836--849, 0921-8009

F. Bosello and R. Roson and R.S.J. Tol. 2008. Economy-wide Estimates of the Implications of Climate Change - A Rejoinder. Ecological Economics, 66, 14--15, 0921-8009

K.M. Strzepek and R.S.J. Tol and G.W. Yohe and M.W. Rosegrant. 2008. The value of the high Aswan Dam to the Egyptian economy. Ecological Economics, 66, 117--126, 0921-8009

F.P. Ruane and R.S.J. Tol. 2007. Centres of research excellence in economics in the Republic of Ireland. Economic and Social Review, 38, 289--322, 0012-9984

R.S.J. Tol. 2007. Carbon dioxide emissions scenarios for the USA. Energy Policy, 35, 5310--5326, 0301-4215

R.S.J. Tol and J.P. Weyant. 2007. Changes at energy economics. Energy Economics, 29, 1131--1134, 0140-9883

R.S.J. Tol and K.L. Ebi and G.W. Yohe. 2007. Infectious disease, development, and climate change, A scenario analysis. Environment and Development Economics, 12, 687--706, 1355-770X

R.S.J. Tol. 2007. Europe’s long term climate target: A critical evaluation. Energy Policy, 35, 424--434, 0301-4215

F. Bosello and R. Roson and R.S.J. Tol. 2007. Economy-wide estimates of the implications of climate change: Sea level rise. Environmental and Resource Economics, 37, 549--571, 0924-6460

K. Mayor and R.S.J. Tol. 2007. The impact of the UK aviation tax on carbon dioxide emissions and visitor numbers. Transport Policy, 14, 407--513, 0967-070X

J. O'Doherty and R.S.J. Tol. 2007. An environmental input-output model for Ireland. Economic and Social Review, 38, 157--190, 0012-9984

F. Bosello and R. Roson and R.S.J. Tol. 2006. Economy-Wide estimates of the implications of climate change: Human health. Ecological Economics, 58, 579--591, 0921-8009

M. Schwoon and R.S.J. Tol. 2006. Optimal CO2-abatement with socio-economic inertia and induced technological change. Energy Journal, 27, 25--60, 0195-6574

K. Rehdanz and R.S.J. Tol and P. Wetzel. 2006. Ocean carbon sinks and international climate policy. Energy Policy, 34, 3516--3526, 0301-4215

R.S.J. Tol. 2006. Energy economics 'most influential papers'. Energy Economics, 28, 405--409, 0140-9883

R.S.J. Tol. 2005. The marginal damage costs of carbon dioxide emissions: an assessment of the uncertainties. Energy Policy, 33, 2064--2074, 0301-4215

R.S.J. Tol. 2005. Emission abatement versus development as strategies to reduce vulnerability to climate change: An application of FUND’. Environment and Development Economics, 10, 615--629, 1355-770X

K. Rehdanz and R.S.J. Tol. 2005. Unilateral regulation of bilateral trade in greenhouse gas emission permits. Ecological Economics, 54, 397--416, 0921-8009

S. Frankhauser and R.S.J. Tol. 2005. On climate change and economic growth. Resource and Energy Economics, 27, 1--17, 0928-7655

R.S.J. Tol and J.P. Weyant. 2005. Energy economics. Energy Economics, 27, 551--552, 0140-9883

R.S.J. Tol. 2004. On dual-rate discounting. Economic Modelling, 21, 95--98, 0264-9993

C. Kemfert and W. Lise and R.S.J. Tol. 2004. Games of climate change with international trade. Environmental and Resource Economics, 28, 209--232, 0924-6460

R.S.J. Tol. 2004. Editorial. Energy Economics, 26, 5--6, 0140-9883

P.M. Link and R.S.J. Tol. 2004. Possible economic impacts of a shutdown of the thermohaline circulation: an application of FUND. Portuguese Economic Journal, 3, 99--114, 1617-982X

R.S.J. Tol and R. Verheyen. 2004. State responsibility and compensation for climate change damages: A legal and economic assessment. Energy Policy, 32, 1109--1130, 0301-4215

R.S.J. Tol. 2002. New estimates of the damage costs of climate change, Part II: dynamic estimates. Environmental and Resource Economics, 21, 135--160, 0924-6460

R.S.J. Tol. 2002. Review of 'the impacts of climate change on the united states economy'. Environment and Development Economics, 7, 600--601, 1355-770X

R.S.J. Tol. 2002. Fearnside's unified index for time preference: a comment. Ecological Economics, 41, 33--34, 0921-8009

R.S.J. Tol. 2002. New estimates of the damage costs of climate change, Part I: benchmark estimates. Environmental and Resource Economics, 21, 47--73, 0924-6460

R.S.J. Tol. 2002. Welfare specification and optimal control of climate change: an application of fund. Energy Economics, 24, 367--376, 0140-9883

R.S.J. Tol. 2001. Climate coalitions in an integrated assessment model. Computational Economics, 18, 159--172, 0927-7099

van der Veeren, R.J.H.M. and R.S.J. Tol. 2001. Benefits of a reallocation of nitrate emission reductions in the Rhine river basin. Environmental and Resource Economics, 18, 19--41, 0924-6460

R.F. Darwin and R.S.J. Tol. 2001. Estimates of the economic effects of sea level rise. Environmental and Resource Economics, 19, 113--129, 0924-6460

R.S.J. Tol. 2001. Equitable cost-benefit analysis of climate change. Ecological Economics, 36, 71--85, 0921-8009

A.K. Duraiappah and R.S.J. Tol. 2001. Introduction. Computational Economics, 18, 137--139, 0927-7099

R.S.J. Tol. 2000. Mathematical modeling in economics, ecology and the environment. Economic Journal, 0013-0133

R.S.J. Tol. 1999. Review of 'The Environmental Consequences of Growth: Steady-State Economics as an Alternative to Ecological Decline [Review of: D.E. Booth (1999) Review of 'The Environmental Consequences of Growth: Steady-State Economics as an Alternative to Ecological Decline]. Economic Journal, 109, F247--F252, 0013-0133

S. Fankhauser and J.B. Smith and R.S.J. Tol. 1999. Weathering Climate Change: Some Simple Rules to Guide Adaptation Decisions. Ecological Economics, 30, 67--78, 0921-8009

R.S.J. Tol. 1999. The Marginal Costs of Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Energy Journal, 20, 61--81, 0195-6574

R.S.J. Tol. 1999. Spatial and Temporal Efficiency in Climate Policy: Applications of FUND. Environmental and Resource Economics, 14, 33--49, 0924-6460

R.S.J. Tol. 1999. Kyoto, Efficiency, and Cost-Effectiveness. Energy Journal, 130--156, 0195-6574

R.S.J. Tol. 1998. Short-Term Decisions under Long-Term Uncertainty. Energy Economics, 20, 557--569, 0140-9883

R.S.J. Tol. 1998. On the Difference in Impact between Two Almost Identical Climate Scenarios. Energy Policy, 26, 13--20, 0301-4215

S. Fankhauser and R.S.J. Tol and D.W. Pearce. 1998. Extensions and Alternatives to Climate Change Impact Valuation: On the Critique on IPCC WG3's Impact Estimates. Environment and Development Economics, 3, 59--81, 1355-770X

R.S.J. Tol. 1998. Climate Change and Insurance: A Critical Appraisal. Energy Policy, 26, 257--262, 0301-4215

R.S.J. Tol. 1997. -- [Review of: S. Fankhauser. Valuing Climate Change: The Economics of the Greenhouse]. Economic Journal, 107, 1586--1588, 0013-0133

S. Fankhauser and R.S.J. Tol and D.W. Pearce. 1997. The Aggregation of Climate Change Damages: A Welfare Theoretic Approach. Environmental and Resource Economics, 10, 249--266, 0924-6460