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Marjan Hofkes

Research Fellow

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Research field
Spatial Economics
Environmental Economics, Resource Economics


Marjan Hofkes is full Professor of Environmental Economics at Vrije Universiteit (VU) Amsterdam, School of Business and Economics (SBE) and Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM).
Marjan obtained her doctoral degree in Econometrics in 1987 (cum laude) and she received her PhD in Mathematical Economics in 1991, from VU Amsterdam. Her research interests include economic effects of sea level rise and floods, green growth, renewable energy expansion and, on the methodological level, integration of micro mechanisms like agent-based interactions into CGE-models.

List of publications

Okullo, Samuel J., Reynè, Frédric, and Marjan Hofkes (2021). (Bio-)Fuel mandating and the green paradox, Energy Economics, vol 95.

Chatzivasileiadis, T., Estrada, F., Hofkes, M.W. and R.S.J. Tol (2019). Systematic Sensitivity Analysis of the Full Economic Impacts of Sea Level Rise, Computational Economics, 53(3):1183--1217.

Hwang, I.C., Tol, R.S.J. and M.W. Hofkes. (2019). Active Learning and Optimal Climate Policy, Environmental and Resource Economics, 73(4):1237--1264.

Coester, Andreas, Hofkes, Marjan and Elissaios Papyrakis (2018). An optimal mix of conventional power systems in the presence of renewable energy: A new design for the German electricity market, Energy Policy, 116:312--322.

Dekker, T., Hess, S., Brouwer, R. and M.W. Hofkes (2016). Decision uncertainty in multi-attribute stated preference studies, Resource and Energy Economics, 43:57--73.

Hwang, I., Tol, R. and M. Hofkes (2016). Fat-tailed risk about climate change and climate policy, Energy Policy, 89:25--35.

Okullo, S.J., F. Reynès, F. and M.W. Hofkes (2015). Modeling peak oil and the geological constraints on oil production, Resource and Energy Economics, 40:36--56.

Husby, T.G., de Groot, H.L.F., Hofkes, M.W. and M.I. Dröes (2014). Do floods have permanent effects?: Evidence from the Netherlands, Journal of Regional Science, 54(3):355-377.

Safarzyńska, K., Brouwer, R. and M. Hofkes, M. (2013). Evolutionary modelling of the macro-economic impacts of catastrophic flood events, Ecological Economics, 88:108--118.

Dekker, T., Brouwer, R., Hofkes, M. and K. Moeltner (2011). The Effect of Risk Context on the Value of a Statistical Life: A Bayesian Meta-model Environmental and Resource Economics, 49(4):597--624.

Kuik, O. and M. Hofkes (2010). Border adjustment for European emissions trading: Competitiveness and carbon leakage Energy Policy, 38(4):1741--1748.

Brouwer, R., Hofkes, M. and V. Linderhof (2008). General equilibrium modelling of the direct and indirect economic impacts of water quality improvements in the Netherlands at national and river basin scale, Ecological Economics, 66(1):127--140.

Brouwer, R. and M. Hofkes (2008). Integrated hydro-economic modelling: Approaches, key issues and future research directions, Ecological Economics.66(1):16--22.

Dellink, R., Hofkes, M. van Ierland, E. and H. Verbruggen (2004). Dynamic modelling of pollution abatement in a CGE framework Economic Modelling, 21(6):965--989.

Gerlagh R., van der Zwaan, B.C.C., Hofkes, M.W., and G. Klaassen (2004). Impacts of CO2 taxes when there are niche markets and learning-by-doing Environmental and Resource Economics, vol 28:367--394.

Gerlagh, R., Dellink, R.,Hofkes, M. and H. Verbruggen (2002). A measure of sustainable national income for the Netherlands, Ecological Economics, 41(1):157--174.

Marjan Hofkes (2001). Environmental policies, Environmental and Resource Economics, 21(1):1--26.

Bouman, M., Gautier, P. and M. Hofkes, (2000). Do firms time their pollution abatement investments optimally? De Economist, 148:71--86.

Hofkes, M. (2000). Review of 'New directions in the economic theory of the environment' [Review of: C. Cararro, D. Siniscalco (2000) New directions in the economic theory of the environment] De Economist, :692--693.

Marjan Hofkes (1996). Modelling sustainable development: An economy-ecology integrated model Economic Modelling, 13(3):333--353.

den Butter, F.A.G. and Hofkes, M. (1995). Sustainable Development with Extractive and Non-Extractive Use of the Environment in Production, Environmental and Resource Economics, 6(4):341--358.