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Marjan Hofkes

Research Fellow

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Research field
Spatial Economics
Environmental Economics, Resource Economics


Marjan Hofkes is full Professor of Environmental Economics at Vrije Universiteit (VU) Amsterdam, School of Business and Economics (SBE) and Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM).
Marjan obtained her doctoral degree in Econometrics in 1987 (cum laude) and she received her PhD in Mathematical Economics in 1991, from VU Amsterdam. Her research interests include economic effects of sea level rise and floods, green growth, renewable energy expansion and, on the methodological level, integration of micro mechanisms like agent-based interactions into CGE-models.

List of publications

Chatzivasileiadis, T., Estrada, F., Hofkes, M.W. and Tol, R.S.J. (2019). Systematic Sensitivity Analysis of the Full Economic Impacts of Sea Level Rise Computational Economics, 53(3):1183--1217.

Hwang, I.C., Tol, RichardS.J. and Hofkes, MarjanW. (2019). Active Learning and Optimal Climate Policy Environmental and Resource Economics, 73(4):1237--1264.

Dekker, T., Hess, S., Brouwer, R. and Hofkes, M. (2016). Decision uncertainty in multi-attribute stated preference studies Resource and Energy Economics, 43:57--73.

Hwang, I., Tol, R. and Hofkes, M. (2016). Fat-tailed risk about climate change and climate policy Energy Policy, 89:25--35.

Okullo, S., Reynes, F. and Hofkes, M. (2015). Modeling peak oil and the geological constraints on oil production Resource and Energy Economics, 40:36--56.

Husby, T., de Groot, H.L.F., Hofkes, M. and Dröes, M. (2014). Do floods have permanent effects? Evidence from the Netherlands Journal of Regional Science, 54(3):355--377.

Safarzynska, K., Brouwer, R. and Hofkes, M. (2013). Evolutionary modelling of the macro-economic impacts of catastrophic flood events Ecological Economics, 88:108--118.

Kuik, O. and Hofkes, M. (2010). Border adjustment for European emissions trading: Competitiveness and carbon leakage Energy Policy, 38(4):1741--1748.

Brouwer, R., Hofkes, M. and Linderhof, V. (2008). General equilibrium modelling of the direct and indirect economic impacts of water quality improvements in the Netherlands at national and river basin scale Ecological Economics, 66(1):127--140.

Brouwer, R. and Hofkes, M. (2008). Integrated hydro-economic modelling: Approaches, key issues and future research directions Ecological Economics, 66(1):16--22.

Dellink, R., Hofkes, M., van Ierland, E.C. and Verbruggen, H. (2004). Dynamic modelling of pollution abatement in a CGE framework Economic Modelling, 21:965--989.

Mulder, P., de Groot, H.L.F. and Hofkes, M. (2003). Explaining slow diffusion of energy-saving technologies: a vintage model with returns to diversity and learning-by-using Resource and Energy Economics, 25(1):105--126.

Gerlagh, R., Dellink, R., Hofkes, M. and Verbruggen, H. (2002). A measure of sustainable national income for the Netherlands Ecological Economics, 41:157--174.

Hofkes, MarjanW. (2001). Environmental policies Environmental and Resource Economics, 20(1):1--26.

Bouman, M., Gautier, P. and Hofkes, M. (2000). Do firms time their pollution abatement investments optimally? De Economist, 148:71--86.

Hofkes, M. (2000). Review of 'New directions in the economic theory of the environment' [Review of: C. Cararro, D. Siniscalco (2000) New directions in the economic theory of the environment] De Economist, :692--693.

Hofkes, M. (1996). Modelling sustainable development: an economy-ecology integrated model Economic Modelling, 13:333--353.

den Butter, F.A.G. and Hofkes, M. (1995). Sustainable Development with Extractive and Non-Extractive Use of the Environment in Production Environmental and Resource Economics, 6(4):341--358.