Sharpe Ratio Shrinkage
Speaker(s)Andrea Vedolin (Boston University, United States)
LocationErasmus University Rotterdam, E building, room ET-18
Date and time
June 08, 2023
12:00 - 13:00
We theoretically show that ranking risk factors based on their ability to explain common variation in asset returns, e.g., principal component analysis (PCA), is ambiguous because PC volatilities can be arbitrarily scaled without changing the underlying fundamental asset pricing model.
As a consequence, market-based stochastic discount factors (SDFs) constructed from such PCs suffer from overfitting issues. In contrast, ranking risk factors based on their prices of risks instead (i.e., Sharpe ratios) is not subject to such spurious scaling. We therefore argue that empirical SDF estimation should center around inference about Sharpe ratios. To this end, we propose a novel statistical method for factor analysis using Bayesian learning that shrinks more aggressively risk factors with lower prices of risk giving rise to sparse SDFs. Since our SDFs do not suffer from overfitting, we show using a large cross-section of asset returns that SDFs based on Sharpe ratios significantly outperform SDFs based on PCA, increasing out-of-sample maximum Sharpe ratios up to a factor of two.
About Andrea Vedolin
Andrea Vedolin is an associate professor of finance at Boston University, a faculty research fellow at the National Bureau of Economic Research and a research affiliate at the Center of Economic Policy Research. Andrea's primary research fields are asset pricing. Her most recent research focusses on belief formation in behavioral models and international finance . Her research has been published in various top journals. She is an associate editor at the Journal of Finance, Review of Financial Studies, Journal of Financial Econometrics and Management Science. Before joining Boston University, Andrea was an assistant professor of finance at the London School of Economics. She earned her PhD from the University of Lugano and her master's degree from the University of Zurich.
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