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Opschoor, A., Lucas, A., Barra, I. and van Dijk, D. (2021). Closed-Form Multi-Factor Copula Models With Observation-Driven Dynamic Factor Loadings Journal of Business and Economic Statistics, 39(4):1066--1079.


  • Journal
    Journal of Business and Economic Statistics

We develop new multi-factor dynamic copula models with time-varying factor loadings and observation-driven dynamics. The new models are highly flexible, scalable to high dimensions, and ensure positivity of covariance and correlation matrices. A closed-form likelihood expression allows for straightforward parameter estimation and likelihood inference. We apply the new model to a large panel of 100 U.S. stocks over the period 2001–2014. The proposed multi-factor structure is much better than existing (single-factor) models at describing stock return dependence dynamics in high-dimensions. The new factor models also improve one-step-ahead copula density forecasts and global minimum variance portfolio performance. Finally, we investigate different mechanisms to allocate firms into groups and find that a simple industry classification outperforms alternatives based on observable risk factors, such as size, value, or momentum.